-
-

-
-
-







-
-








-

-





-
-
-



-



















- 20.04.2006
" 1.3 - 7.8 ( , , )"

:
.








-


20 2006


1.3 - 7.8
( ,
, )

6

   -----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T-------------

- -
/ -
- (-
- ) . .,
.
( )
+------T------+
..

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1. " "
+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T------T------+
1.1 / V = 200 . 300 958 958
. 1 ,

/ S = 300 . ,
S = 140 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.2 1 / 540 459 459
. 4 x 70 .
1

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.3 - -10 / 180 697 697
. . 3 x 150 .
- 10

()
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.4 -3 () 215 18 18
L = 450 , -3 L = 215
()
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.5 -1 d = 3 / 450 27 27
L = 450 , =
2 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.6 -1 d = 3 / 2040 30 30
L = 680 , -1 d = 4
L = 1360 , =
8 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.7 . 435 12 12


20 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.8 . 718 49 49
20 . .
3 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.9 . 45 560 560
30 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.10 . 198 5799 5799
52,93 .

( )
145,34
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.11 . 12 64 64
,

100
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.12 . 65 111 111
500 ,

200
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.13 . 116 110 110
,

5
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1.14 ( . 325 73 73

)
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4. " "
+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T------T------+
4.1 - 1 -35 / 1500 32 30
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.2 - 10 -50 / 13075 104 102
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.3 1 / 120 277 277
1 . 3 x 10 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.4 - -10 , / 2100 148 87
- 10 / ,

-70/11 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.5 2 / 350 601 601
- 10 . 3 x 95 .

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.6 -1 / 510 350 350
- 1 . 4 x 25 . - 305
,

. 4 x 150 . - 205
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.7 - 1 / 205 399 399
. 4 x 70 . ,
(
1 )
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.8 1 / 320 888 448
1 . 4 x 95 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.9 1 / 760 508 508
- 0,4 . 4 x 150 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.10 2 1 / 480 509 509
1 . 4 x 185 .
( - 280 ,
- 20 ,
-
90 , - 90 )
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.11 - 1 / 2830 556 556
. 4 x 95 . -
( 160 /;
1 ) 1
. 4 x 120 . -
920 /;
1
. 4 x 150 . -
1150 /;
1
. 4 x 185 . -
600 / ( /
= 2800/)
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.12 - 1 / 500 649 649
. 4 x 120 .
(
1 )
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.13 - 1 / 143 786 786
. 4 x 35 .
(
1 )
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.13 - -10 , 3730 941 883
/ , (3
- 10 , .)
-240/32 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
4.14 -10 / 360 1141 1141
- 10 . 3 x 150 .
(
"RAYCHEM")


+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5. " "
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T------T------+
5.1 -1 / 1490 33 33
d = 3 L = 1215 ;
d = 4 L = 275
240 ( =
18 .,
10 = 16 .)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.2 -270-1 x 4 / 460 42 42
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.3 -1 d = 3 / 300 41 41
( = 3 .)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.4 - -1 d = 3 / 300 46 46
. ( = 3 .)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.5 / 410 50 50
2 x 1,2
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.6 -1 d = 3 / 605 65 65
( = 7 .)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.7 -1 d = 3 / 240 97 97
( = 7 .)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.8 d = 3 / 110 97 97
( = 3 .)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.9 d = 3 / 115 114 114
( = 3 .)
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T------T------+
5.9 - , / 515 128 128
:
+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
: 515 121 121
10 x 2 x 0,4
L = 500 ,
100 x 2 x 0,4
L = 10 ,
103 x 2 x 0,4
L = 50
+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
12 337 337
d = 100 L = 12 ,
-5-10 = 1 .,
= 1 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.10 : / 3240 166 166
100 x 2 x 0,4
L = 1380 ,
20 x 2 x 0,4
L = 1380 ,
103 x 2 x 0,4
L = 100 ,
10 x 0,4
L = 190 ,
20 x 2 x 0,4
L = 190 , 8,3 -
205 ,
/ - 7 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.11 , / 345 211 211
:
+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
345 57 57
10 x 2 x 0,4
+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
69 771 771
d = 100 L = 69 ,
-3-10 = 1 .,
- 1 .,


+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.12 , / 1110 443 443
:
+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
: 1110 142 142
100 x 2 x 0,4
L = 1045 ,
103 x 2 x 0,4
L = 50 ,
1 x 2 x 0,2 L = 15
+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
579 576 576
d = 100 L = 579 ,
-3-10 = 1 .,
- 1 .,


( S = 80 . ) -

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.13 , / 100 697 697
:
+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
100 76 76
10 x 2 x 0,4
+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
90 689 689
d = 100 L = 90 ,
-3-10 - 2 .,
- 2 .,


+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
5.14 , / 2060 306 306
:
+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
2060 42 42
100 x 2 x 0,4
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
1580 345 345
d = 100 L = 1580 ,
-4 - 8 .,


+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6. " , ,
"
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T------T------+
6.1 - : / / 306 985 985
d = 144 x 5,5
L = 298 ; d = 325 x 4
L = 8,2
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T------T------+
6.2 : / 15 567 567
d = 110 L = 15 ,

d = 315 L = 10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.3 : / 221 1674 1674
d = 90 L = 101 ;
d = 110 L - 111 ;

d = 315 L = 11
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.4 : / 256 2539 2539
d = 180 L = 220 ,
d = 110 L = 26 ,
/
d = 159 x 7 L = 4 , d
= 108 x 6 L = 6 ,
/

S = 516 . ,
10 ,

1,9 x 2,2 x 1,8 = 1 .
1,9 x 2,2 x 1,8 = 1 .,
/ =
1 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.5 : d = 355 / 682 2837 2837
L = 576 ,
d = 110 L = 46 ,
d = 560 L = 60,
d = 355 L = 20 ,

d = 325 x 4 L = 20 ,

d = 114 x 3 L = 5 ;

1,9 x 2,2 x 1,8 = 4 .,
/ =
3 .; ,



+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.6 : d = 110 / 40 3550 3550
. L = 28 ;
/ d = 114 x 3
L = 8 , d = 325 x 6
L = 2 , /
d = 500 L = 15 ,
8
25 ,
/ = 1 .
(100 ) - 1 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.7 : d = 315 / 1740 3573 3573
L = 1710 ,
d = 110 L = 20 ,
/
d = 108 x 4 L = 5 ,
/
d = 325 x 9 L = 5 ;
/ d = 600
L = 225
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.8 : d = 110 / 38 3737 3737
L = 28 ;
/ d = 114
L = 8 , d = 325
L = 2 , /
d = 500 - 15 ,
/ =
1 .,
8 ,


+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.9 : d= 125 / 30 4141 4141
L = 30 ; (100 %)
10
( = 1,15)
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T------T------+
6.9 : / 1435 7532 7459
d = 400 L = 370 ;
d = 500 L = 1065 ;
/ d = 600
L = 40 ();
d = 800 L = 40
(),
10 ;

2,4 x 3 x 1,8 = 2 .;
2,4 x 3,0 x 3,0 = 1 .;
1,9 x 2,2 x 1,8 = 3 .;
4,2 x 3,6 x 3,6 = 1 .;
3 x 2,4 x 2,4 = 2 .;
1,9 x 2,2 x 1,8 = 3 .;
2,2 x 1,9 x 2,4 = 2 .;
/ =
8 .;
S = 355 . ,
70 . ;


L = 70
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T------T------+
6.10 d = 300 - 2 ., . 2 49505 49505
d = 355
L = 10 ;
/
d = 325 x 4 L = 10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.11 d = 400 - 1 . . 1 74702 74702

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.12 d = 100 - 1 ., . 1115308115308
-
1 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.13 d = 500 - 1 ., . 1606196484300

3,6 x 6 x 3,6 = 1 .,
/
d = 325 x 6 L = 5 ;
d = 530 x 8 L = 5 ;
10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.14 d = 300 - 1 ., . 1609756504853

3,6 x 3 x 3,93 = 1 .,
/
d = 325 x 6 L = 5 ;
d = 426 x 7 L = 10 ,
d = 530 x 8 L = 3 ;
d = 300
L = 5 ;
10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+
6.15 d = 1200 - . 1618964558017
1 .,

4,2 x 3,6 x 2,7 = 1 .,
/
d = 530 x 8 L = 3 ;
d = 1220 x 10
L = 10 ,
10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T--------T--------T------T------+
6.16- - : / 58 1449 1449
d = 50 L = 55 ;
/
d = l14 x 5,5 L = 3 .

Grundfos
Soloift 04-2 = 2 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+--------+--------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
6.17 : d 160 / 50 1170 1170
L = 50 , (100 %)
10
( = 1,15),
/
(d = 1 ) = 2 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.18 : d = 160 / 343 1352 1352
L = 343,4,
/ 16 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.19 : / 150 2262 2262
d = 280 L = 150 ,
/

S = 60 . ,
10 ,
/ -
7 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.20 : / 2350 1986 1986
d = 225 L = 2350 ,
/
d = 500
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.21 : d = 225 / 463 2624 2624
L = 374 , d = 315
L = 75 , d = 160
L = 14 ,
d = 630 L = 8 ,

1,9 x 2,2 x 1,8 =
4 .,
/ (d = 1,5; 1 ) =
25 ., ,

S = 140 .
S = 50 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
6.21 : / 183 3144 3144
d = 150 L = 78 ,
d = 250 L = 105 ,
/ -
7 .,
8 ,


+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.22 : / 240 3724 3724
. d = 150 L = 122 ,
d = 100 L = 118 ,
-
3 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.23 : 345 3923 3923
d = 300 L = 345 ,

10 ;
/ = 9 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.24 : / 60 13509 13509
d = 150 L = 60 ,
/
S = 260 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
6.25 : d = 315 . 1 53607 53607
L = 5 ,
S = 40 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.26 : . 1109238109238
d = 300 L = 6 ;
d = 500 L = 5 ;

10 ; /
S = 30 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
( )
+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
6.27 : / 60 1194 1194
( / d = 108 x 4 ( 1
) L = 60 , - )

()
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.28 : / 30 2389 2389
( / d = 108 x 4 ( 2
) L = 60 , - )

()
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
( , )
+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
6.29 : / 260 1403 1403
d = 159 x 4,5
L = 150 ,
d = 219 x 6 L = 110 ;

;



+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.30 : / 150 1347 1347

d = 159 x 4,5
L = 100 ,
d = 219 x 6 L = 50 ,

;



+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.31 : / 250 1375 1375
d = 219 x 6
L = 250 ,

,



+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
( )
+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
6.32 60 x 45 / 13 3139 3139
( L = 13 ,
) /
d = 57 x 3,0
L = 26 ,
-
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.33 90 x 45 / 270 5312 5312
( L = 270 , :
) /
d = 108 x 4
L = 534 ,
d = 48 x 2,5 L = 6 ,

1600 x 1800 x 1700 =
1 .,
1800 x 2400 x 2100 =
1 .
/ = 2 .

10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.34 120 x 60 / 47 8740 8740
( L = 20 , 90 x 45
) L = 27 ,
/
d = 159 x 4,5
L = 94 ,
3 = 1 .

11 = 1 .,

2,4 x 3,0 x 2,1 =
1 ., /
= 1 .,
, 10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.35 90 x 45 / 26 11355 11355
( L = 26 ,
) d = 108 x 6
L = 114 ,
90 x 45 = 12 ,



+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.36 90 x 45 L = 50 , / 50 12839 12839
(
) /
d = 159 x 4,5
L = 51 ,
d = 108 x 3,5
L = 49 ,
3 = 1 .;

7 = 1 .,

3,0 x 3,6 x 2,1 =
1 ., /
= 1 .,
, 10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.37 . 90 x 45 / 32 13976 13976
L = 32 , :

d = 133 x 6 L = 65 ,
/
d = 48 x 2,5 L = 6 ,

d = 150 L = 2 ,


d = 426 x 10 L = 8 ,
/
d = 530 x 10
L = 8,5 ,
/ = 1 .,
90 x 45 =
2 .,
2-300 = 1 .,
.
8 . - 2 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.38 160 x 90 / 170 15185 15185
( L = 170 ; :
) /
d = 377 x 6 L = 288 ,
d = 325 x 6 L = 53 ,
11 =
2 .;
11 = 1 .;

3,0 x 3,6 x 2,1 =
1 ., /
= 1 .,
, 10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.39 / 1200 15309 15309
( ; :
) /
d = 426 x 9
L = 2400 , d = l59 x 4,5
L = 2 ; d = 89 x 3,5
L = 10 ,
4,2 x 3,6 x 2,1 =
1 ., 1,9 x 2,2 x 2,1 =
4 ., 2,4 x 3,0 x 2,1 =
4 ., 3,6 x 4,8 x 2,1 =
1 ., 2,4 x 3,0 x 3,0 =
1 ., 2,4 x 3,0 x 2,4 =
1 .,
/ = 3 .,

S = 1619 . ,

10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.40 120 x 60 / 675 16841 16841
( L = 459 , 160 x 90
) L = 216 ; :

d = 219 x 9 L = 805 ,
d = 273 x 9 L = 285 ,
d = 325 10 L = 615 ,
d = 426 x 10 L = 10 ,
= 10 .,

2,4 x 3,0 x 2,1 = 11 .,
3,0 x 3,6 x 2,1 = 2 .,
4,2 x 3,6 x 2,1 = 1 .,
= 1 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.41 120 x 60 / 15 19304 19304
( L = 11 ; 160 x 90
) L = 4 ,
d = 219 x 6
L = 30 ,

2,4 x 1,5 x 2,1 =
1 ., /
= 1 .
, 10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
( )
+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
6.42 : / 248 5574 5574
( 90 x 45 (
L = 42 , 120 x 45
) L = 33,75 ,
94 x 45 - 2 )
1 ., 120 x 45 -
2 .,

2,25 x 1,8 x 2,4,
1 =
66 ., 2 = 30 .,
/
d = 57 x 3,5
L = 273 ,
d = 76 x 3,5
L = 172 ,
d = 89 x 3,5 L = 91
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.43 : / 655 10806 10806
( 120 x 60 (
L = 380 ,
) (
2 )
) L = 275
2 ,
-6 =
6 .,
-8 = 3 .,
/
d = 273 x 6
L = 1310 ,
d = 48 x 2,5 L = 6 ,

5 ,

25
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
6.44 57 - 2 .; . 10204272204272
108 - 4 ., 159 -
2 ., 273 - 2 .,

4,2 x 4,8 x 2,1 =
2 .,
4,2 x 3,6 x 2,1 =
1 ., 3 x 3,6 x 2,1 =
2 ., 2,4 x 3,0 x 2,1 =
1 .,
/ = 6 .,
/
d = 57 x 3 L = 6 ,
d = 83 x 3 L = 60 ,
d = 108 x 3,5
L = 12 ,
d = 159 x 4,5
L = 6 , d = 219 x 6
L = 10 , d = 273 x 6
L = 60 ,
d = 25 x 3,2
L = 15 ,
d = 40 x 3,5
L = 20 ,
d = 100
L = 30 ,
/

S = 300 . ,
S = 200 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.45 . 1602679602679
5,6 x 6,0 x 2,1 =
1 ., /
= 1 .;
/
d = 377 x 6 L = 19 ,
d = 133 x 5 L = 6 ,
d = 159 x 8 L = 6
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
6.45 -: / 28 915 915
/
d = 76 x 3,5
L = 9,5 ,
d = 57 x 3,5
L = 18,5 .
- 2 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.46 -: / 79 385 385
/
d = 76 x 3,5
L = 69 ,
d = 25
L = 10
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.47 : / 1189 956 748
/
d = 76 x 3,5
L = 1171,6 ( ),
/
d = 89 x 3,5 L = 14
( ),
d = 76 x 3,5 L = 3
( )
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.48 : / 1220 696 696
/
d = 76 x 3,5
L = 1197 ( ),
/
d = 89 x 3,5 L = 1,5
( ),
d = 76 x 3,5 L = 15
( ),
d = 57 x 3,5 L = 6
( )
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
6.49 : / 8479 929 929
/
d = 57 x 3,5
L = 2884 ( ),
d = 76 x 3,5
L = 2472 ( ),
d = 108 x 4,0
L = 1445 ( ),
d = 219 x 5 L = 620
( ),
d = 89 x 3,5
L = 262 ( ),
d = 159 x 4,5
L = 796 ( )
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7. " "
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.1 5707 . , 13513 17 17
V = 7806 . .
2
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.2 V = 731 . , . 1335 26 26
V = 604 . . ( +
)
5
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.3 V = 1050 . , 1521 29 29
V = 471 . .

3
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.4 V = 92 . , 165 30 30
V = 73 . .

1
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.5 V = 16581 . , 43437 32 32
V = 26856 . .

5
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.6 V = 1480 . , 2350 39 39
V = 870 . .

10
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.7 V = 19095 . , 38487 47 47
V = 19392 . .

3
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.8 V = 7660 . , 10632 54 54
V = 2972 . .

2
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.9 V = 786 . , 1232 55 55
V = 446 . .

10
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.10 V = 219 . , 1071 61 61
V = 852 . .

5
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.11 V = 12788 . , 16983 75 75
V = 4195 . ,

5
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.12 V = 1391 . , 11449 77 77
V = 10058 . ,

5
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.13 (2 V = 5679 . , 6179 86 86
.) V = 500 . .

5
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.14 V = 96 . , 582 91 91
V = 486 . .
10
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.15 V = 96 . , 724 101 101
V = 628 . .

8
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.16 V = 242 . . 242 118 118

10
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.17- V = 312 . , 314 175 175
V = 2 . .

15
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.17 : - . 420 13 13
S = 420 .
(100 %) (

0,2 . )
+----+----------------++---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.18 : 2840 259 259
S = 1250 . (44 %),
-:

S = 570 . (20 %),
:

S = 400 . (14 %),

S = 620 .
(22 %)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.19 : 7930 332 332
S = 700 . (9 %);
-:

S = 1830 . (23 %),
:

S = 2460 . (31 %),

S = 2940 .
(37 %),
- 19 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.20 : 3232 345 345
S = 1668 . (52 %),

S = 444 .
(14 %), /

S = 112 . (3 %),
/
S = 1008 . (31 %)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.21 : 1396 379 379
S = 1246 . (89 %),

S = 120 .
(9 %),

S = 30 . (2 %).
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.22 : 3755 386 386
S = 1540 . (41 %),
:

S = 630 . (17 %),

S = 1585 .
(42 %),
,

+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.23 : 2650 396 396
S = 310 . (12 %);
-:

S = 850 . (32 %),
:

S = 100 . (4 %),

S = 150 . (6 %),

S = 1240 .
(47 %)
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.24 : 662 412 412

S = 662 . (100 %)
+----+----------------++---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.25 : 2535 416 416
S = 380 . ; -
:
S = 860 . , :

S = 135 . ,
S = 130 . ,

S = 1030 . ,
-
15
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.26 : 1000 486 486
S = 740 . (74 %),



S = 260 .
(26 %)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.27 : 6557 490 490
S = 3540 . (54 %),
:
S = 1009 .
(15 %),
S = 1530 . (23 %),

S = 478 .
(7 %)
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.28 : 720 521 521
S = 720 . (100 %)
+----+----------------++---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.29 : 13830 521 521
( ) S = 5810 . (42 %);
-:

S = 3200 . (23 %),
:

S = 3200 . (23 %),

S = 520 . (4 %),

S = 1100 .
(8 %),

+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.30 : 46880 542 542
( ) S = 25620 . (55 %);
-:

S = 9420 . (20 %),
:

S = 8060 . (17 %),

S = 3780 .
(8 %),
- 44 .,

+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.31- : 1811 593 593
S = 1155 . (64 %),
:
S = 656 .
(36 %)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.32 : 4320 607 607
S = 3960 . (92 %),
:

S = 360 . (8 %)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.33 : 4150 614 614
S = 1982 . (48 %),
:
S = 1865 .
(45 %),
S = 256 . (6 %),
:

S = 47 . (1 %)
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.34 : 1153 744 744
S = 830 . (72 %);
:
S = 55 .
(5 %),
S = 173 . (15%),

- 95 .
(8 %);
;
-
5 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.35 : 3123 750 750
S = 2235 . (72 %),
-:

S = 448 . (14 %),
:
S = 440 .
(14 %),
,

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.36 . 200 9 9
( -
) S = 200 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.37 202 11 11
(1 .) (
) S = 202 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.38 S = 1750 . 1814 46 46
(96 %), =
16 . = 640 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.39 S = 1290 . 13477 51 51
(10 %), =
378 .,
= 280 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.40 S = 2350 . 4800 81 81
(49 %), =
38 ., = 22 .,
=
490 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.41 S = 2496 . 2695 105 105
(93 %), =
5 .,
= 23 .,

= 45 ,
S = 50 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.42 S = 1953 . 2600 114 114
(75 %), =
84 .,
= 5 .,
=
75 , S = 43 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.43 1360 . (91 %), 1498 122 122
= 13 .,
= 1 .,
=
110 .,
S = 30 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.44 S = 6900 . 7200 132 132
(96 %), = 89 .,
= 870 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.45 S = 2670 . 2715 142 142
(98 %), =
49 .,
= 26 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.46 S = 9515 . 9895 205 205
(96 %), = 203 .,
= 530 .
S = 50 . ,
( ) =
13 .,
( ) = 25 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.47 = 3 ., = 1 . 4310 2 2
2 . -
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.48 = 6 ., = 3123 19 19
3 ., = 3 .,

= 1 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.49- = 5 ., = 1811 7 7
4 .,
= 1 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.50 = 7 ., = 5 4150 15 15
.,
= 1 .,
= 1 .
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.51 = 2 ., = 1000 19 19
2 .,
0,8 L = 20
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.52 = 9 ., = 6557 18 18
8 .,
= 1 .,
= 1 .,

= 1 .
= 2 ., =
1 ., = 1 .,
= 2 .,
= 3 .,

= 2 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.53 , 7930 31 31

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.54 46880 39 39
12-
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.55 = 8 ., 2840 46 46
= 2 ., -
= 4 .,
= 1 .,
= 2 .,
= 1 .,
= 2
., = 2 .,
= 1 .,
=
2 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.56 4 13830 77 77
(
)
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.57 2650 396 396

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+ +------+------+------+
7.58 2535 416 416

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.59 / 1 / 193 2735 2735

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.60 1 / 1100 2251 2251

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.61 1 / 328 2393 2393

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.62 , S = 84 . , . 534 202 202

S = 450 . .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.61 , S = 36 . , . 436 251 251
/
S = 400 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.62 , S = 60 . , . 310 422 422
/
S = 150 . ,

S = 100 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.63 , S = 24 . . 24 661 661
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.64 , S = 96 . , . 2946 885 885
/
S = 2850 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.65 / 0,3 36975 36975
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.66 /, 1,1 40015 40015


- 15
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.67 : / 328 1174 1174
-6
d = 300 L = 328 ,
/
d = 500 L = 16
(),
= 11 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.68 : / 67 3368 3368
d = 150 L = 67 ,
3 .,
25
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.69 : d = 315 / 66 2253 2253
L = 66 ;
/ - 1 .;
- 2 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.70 : d = 315 / 17 2284 2284
L = 16,5
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.71 : d = 315 / 39 2451 2451
L = 38,5
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.72 : d = 315 / 55 2762 2762
L = 55 ;
./
d = 426 x 6 L = 12 ;
/
- 2 .;
- 2 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.73 : d = 315 / 213 2795 2795
d = 88 , /
d = 500 L = 125 ,
. /
d = 428 x 6
L = 6 , d = 820 x 10
L = 6 ;
/ =
13 .; =
4 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
/
+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.74 : d = 315 / 1543 1684 1684
/ L = 253 ; / d = 500
L = 1290
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.75 : / 222 551 551
d = 150 L = 222 ;
/ =
10 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
7.76 = 1 31 8408 8408
16 .,
=
15 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
7.77 -1,2-10 - 1 7 11945 11945
2 ., -
-2,8-10 - 3 .,
- 16 . ,
: -0,66 .
5 x 16 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
8. " "
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
8.1. ( = / 60 301 301
4,5 , = 15 )
+----+----------------+ +---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
8.2. ( = 5 , / 320 358 358
= 40 )
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
8.3. ( = 5 , / 20 529 529
= 0,25 )

+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+

+----T----------------T---------------T---------------------------T----------T------T------T------+
8.4. / 550 48 48
/ . 70 .
+----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+------+
8.5. -1 KB / 290 568 568
/ . 4 x 120 .


()
L----+----------------+---------------+---------------------------+----------+------+------+-------



   ------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------

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